!DOWNLOAD EPUB ♎ The Emotional Construction of Morals ♺ PDF or E-pub free

!DOWNLOAD EPUB ♆ The Emotional Construction of Morals ⚇ Jesse Prinz Argues That Recent Work In Philosophy, Neuroscience, And Anthropology Supports Two Radical Hypotheses About The Nature Of Morality Moral Values Are Based On Emotional Responses, And These Emotional Responses Are Inculcated By Culture, Not Hard Wired Through Natural SelectionIn The First Half Of The Book, Jesse Prinz Defends The Hypothesis That Morality Has An Emotional Foundation Evidence From Brain Imaging, Social Psychology, And Psychopathology Suggest That, When We Judge Something To Be Right Or Wrong, We Are Merely Expressing Our Emotions Prinz Argues That These Emotions Do Not Track Objective Features Of Reality Rather, The Rightness And Wrongness Of An Act Consists In The Fact That People Are Disposed To Have Certain Emotions Towards It In The Second Half Of The Book, He Turns To A Defense Of Moral Relativism Moral Facts Depend On Emotional Responses, And Emotional Responses Vary From Culture To Culture Prinz Surveys The Anthropological Record To Establish Moral Variation, And He Draws On Cultural History To Show How Attitudes Toward Practices Such As Cannibalism And Marriage Change Over Time He Also Criticizes Evidence From Animal Behavior And Child Development That Has Been Taken To Support The Claim That Moral Attitudes Are Hard Wired By Natural Selection Prinz Concludes That There Is No Single True Morality, But He Also Argues That Some Moral Values Are Better Than Others Moral Progress Is PossibleThroughout The Book, Prinz Relates His Views To Contemporary And Historical Work In Philosophical Ethics His Views Echo Themes In The Writings Of David Hume And Friedrich Nietzsche, But Prinz Supports, Extends, And Revises These Classic Theories Using The Resources Of Cutting Edge Cognitive Science The Emotional Construction Of Morals Will Stimulate And Challenge Anyone Who Is Curious About The Nature And Origin Of Moral Values Contentious but tautly argued and packed with illustration Essential reading for anyone with a serious interest in ethics The critique of Aristotle s theory of the golden mean is particularly cogent. An excellent, thorough going, and rigorous defense of a sensibility theory of morality It s one of the best defenses of moral relativism that I ve read The sections on moral judgment and hidden indexicals, genealogy, and the limitations of evolutionary approaches to morality are particularly good, I think The discussion of moral progress from a relativist standpoint is also notable Prinz s The Emotional Construction of Morals will be of interest to a wide range of scholars in academic philosophy including specialists in meta ethics, the science of morality, Hume, and Nietzsche General readers will find it accessible, although they may find some of the technical discussions found in some sections difficult e.g sections on objectivity, meaning of moral judgments. Jesse s endeavour is a tour the force He goes on point by point, objection by objection, author by author with responses with creative insights and profound knowledge It s commendable to see this kind of rigorous work in academia, in an age we re surrounded by nonsense and not rigorous postmodern thought His writing is clear, engaging and thought through.The overall resulting theory is cogent, although yet not perfectly polished.Hume is alive and kicking. Jesse Prinz is probably one of the most frustrating people for me to read, for the same reason Robert Cray is the hardest guitarist for me to listen to as I work through the manuscript, I m struck simultaneously by aspiration and desperation.This is Prinz s full length stab at metaethics and really the best book length articulation of the developing constructivist programme As is Prinz s style, it s thick with moves through the cognitive scientific literature, and gestures to contemporary and historical philosophical literature This makes it a really rich and thorough overview, but probably not the best introduction to the constructivist view for those who are unfamiliar It is, however, a good piece of writing for those familiar with and writing on the constructivist project to have access to as a general starting point for talking about various features of the view e.g subjectivism the difference between the social and the moral mind dependence etc Every philosopher has idiosyncracies to their version of any philosophically interesting view but Prinz does a pretty good job clarifying which of his own positions are idiosyncratic and which are well accepted by sympathetic constructivists Prinz, in particular, writes from a strong philosophy of mind standpoint and focuses heavily on the mind dependence claims about moral values in contrast to, e.g., the epistemic necessity of mind dependence that someone like Street argues for and I think this is a pretty good way to go about articulating the view, especially for the various philosophers not as intimately familiar with contemporary ethics and metaethics It s probably not the most compelling approach for articulating the book to entrenched ethicists but you can t do everything at once I think this book is a terrific place to take a graduate level seminar in metaethics, especially as a response to Parfit s On What Matters vol 2 and 3, especially and generally as a preface to constructivist approaches as a counterpoint The fact that Prinz comments directly on issues including relativism, moral epistemology, and many of the concerns that worm they way into first order ethics really shows how thoughtful and well developed the book is, and how much work Prinz put into making sure this would communicate well with input from a lot of philosophical domains As always, I walk away from one of Prinz s books both better informed and impressed by the argument In this case, I happened to agree with him pretty strongly going into the book minus some minutiae on exactly how the account handles some particular issues but still feel like he did a good job taking concerns and counter arguments seriously I would strongly recommend this book to those interested in contemporary work in metaethics, provided that person can read philosophy at a graduate level.