KINDLE ⚛ بوابات أرض العدم ⚢ eBook or Kindle ePUB free

KINDLE ô بوابات أرض العدم õ ONE OF THE FIRST POLITICAL CLASSICS OF THE St CENTURY Observer EXTRAORDINARILY POWERFUL, POIGNANT AND AFFECTING I WAS GREATLY MOVED Michael PalinFOREWORD BY CHRISTINA LAMBJournalist Samar Yazbek Was Forced Into Exile By Assad S Regime When The Uprising In Syria Turned To Bloodshed, She Was Determined To Take Action And Secretly Returned Several Times The Crossing Is Her Rare, Powerful And Courageous Testament To What She Found Inside The Borders Of Her HomelandFrom The First Peaceful Protests For Democracy To The Arrival Of ISIS, She Bears Witness To Those Struggling To Survive, To The Humanity That Can Flower Amidst Annihilation, And Why So Many Are Now Desperate To Flee I ve become very aware of queues The queue at the ATM to withdraw money, the queue at the bakery to buy fresh bread and pastries, the queue at the supermarket check out to pay for food and drink, the queue to get into the cinema to see the latest film, the queue to board an aeroplane to see the world People, me included, complain in queues, always looking around to see if there s a faster one, or if there s an official we can badger to open another check in or check out desk We look at our watches and stress about being late for some super important moment in our lives, forgetting that the queue we are standing in is itself a privileged moment, one to be savoured instead of whinged about We are, after all, about to eat, drink and be merry, and yet we habitually wear grim faces, our mouths turning down often than up So, yes, I ve become a little critical of my own complacency lately, and reading this book about some of what went on in Syria in 2012 2013 has increased my discomfort The Crossing tells of journalist Samar Yazbeq s several clandestine crossings from Turkey into the war zone of Syria after she d been declared persona non grata by the Assad regime in 2011, and been forced into exile.The book is not an easy read, and not only because it is about war The early sections are fragmentary, simply a series of anecdotes related by the people Yazbeq stayed with in the towns and villages she visited, anecdotes that do however give us a picture of what life is like for those who can t afford to pay the the price required to exit the country, or those who have decided to stay because they are part of one of the many groups opposing the Assad regime, the spouses, sisters, mothers, aunts of the fighters The anecdotes run into each other without much pause for comment, and the book seems as ragged and chaotic as the lives the author is bearing witness to, lives constantly battered by barrel bombs and sniper fire Eventually, I grew accustomed to this lack of a thematic structure but by then, the author had found one, and the second half of the book is clear cut, composed of almost formal interviews with various battalion leaders interspersed with background information on the origin and history of their groups, and the degree of their specific religious affiliations The author put her own life and that of her companions in danger again and again to approach the frontline and record these fighters testimonies I found her both brave and foolhardy by turns but incredibly lucky too as bombs exploded in her path again and again.At the time Yazbeq is writing about, 2012 2013, many of the groups opposing the Assad regime come under the banner of the Free Army This army is composed of the battalions and brigades which emerged in each individual rebel town when the revolution began in 2011 According to the people from the Free Army whom she interviewed, they themselves are caught between Assad s Forces and fundamentalist factions, composed mostly of non Syrians, who have been sent into their country to fight against Assad, and who are both feared and resented by native Syrian fighters Yazbeq seems to have had less opportunity to interview the representatives of the non Syrian groups She makes it clear that as a woman, she would not have been able to approach or interview the fundamentalist ones such as Nusra Front, allied to al Quaeda, or the group known as Daesh, a self proclaimed caliphate controlling areas in Syria and Iraq, and the most feared of the foreign groups She also didn t interview any of the Shabiha, the armed militant supporters of Assad s regime However towards the end of her third sojourn, she did manage to interview a Syrian commander of Ahrar al Sham, a militant group rumoured to have ties to Muslim Brotherhood though he refused to look in her direction and spoke only to her male companion He, like the others interviewed, had nothing encouraging to say about any peaceful outcome in the foreseeable future.Since I finished this book, the Russians have entered the war in support of Assad, supposedly to help him fight the Daesh groups Hearing that the Russians are also targeting the Free Army fighters in their already bombed out towns and villages makes me despair for the Syrian women and children who can t afford to leave their country to join the ranks of compatriots queuing endlessly at and borders across Europe and the Middle East. The most we could dream of was to wake up in the morning and discover we weren t buried beneath rubble, or that we had avoided having our heads cut off at the hands of ISIS Page 253This is so powerful and heartbreaking Makes me understand about what really happens in Syria Samar Yazbek s bravery and her mission to give voice from the voiceless reminds me of Marie Colvin, a woman war journalist that died in Syria when reporting I will always pray that someday Syria will be free, the regime will fell and the victims who died goes to heaven Aamiin. Este n o um livro de leitura f cil, n o s pelo tema tratado, mas tamb m pela forma como apresentado e, no meu caso particular, pela minha ignor ncia de base relativamente ao conflito s rio.O livro consiste numa s rie de relatos de visitas de Samar Yazbek, uma jornalista s ria for ada ao ex lio pelo regime de Bashar al Assad, ao seu pa s natal O t tulo refere se s tr s travessias clandestinas da fronteira entre a Turquia e a S ria, empreendidas pela autora entre 2012 e 2013.S o relatos dispersos, que incluem experi ncias de estadias com fam lias que a acolheram durante a sua estadia, entrevistas com guerrilheiros maioritariamente do Ex rcito Livre da S ria , e experi ncias de coopera o com redes de ativistas, para implementar projectos educativos para crian as cujas escolas foram destru das e para ajudar mulheres na maior parte vi vas de guerra a desenvolver pequenos neg cios que lhes permitam sustentar se a si e aos seus filhos.No in cio tive alguma dificuldade em adaptar me ao car cter fragment rio da narrativa A geografia desconhecida, a profus o de diferentes grupos armados cujos nomes dava comigo a confundir constantemente, e o portugu s pouco fluido, provavelmente resultado de dificuldades de tradu o de uma l ngua bastante diferente da nossa, tamb m n o ajudaram Mas a partir de cerca do primeiro ter o do livro, ou porque me habituei, ou porque o texto se tornou mais acess vel e os intervenientes mais familiares, comecei a apreciar melhor a leitura.As principal ideia que retive foi o desalento da popula o pela transforma o daquilo que come ou como uma revolta pac fica contra um regime opressor, numa guerra sem precedentes As retalia es contra manifestantes desarmados durante a Revolta S ria, levaram cria o do Ex rcito Livre da S ria, inicialmente formado por civis e militares desertores do Ex rcito S rio, que se recusaram a disparar contra os manifestantes Durante o per odo coberto por este livro, a zona norte da S ria, libertada do regime de Assad pelo Ex rcito Livre, foi sendo paulatinamente invadida por guerrilheiros fundamentalistas estrangeiros, como a Frente Al Nusra, aliada al Quaeda, e o Estado Isl mico.O livro termina em 2013, antes de os russos terem entrado na guerra em apoio a Assad, sob o pretexto de prestarem aux lio contra os grupos do Estado Isl mico, e antes, claro est , dos recentes bombardeamentos americanos, franceses e ingleses, em protesto contra os ataques qu micos lan ados contra civis.Na grande confus o que se encontra instalada neste pa s, apenas tenho uma coisa como certa que as pobres popula es civis continuam a sofrer, tanto as que conseguem fugir como refugiadas, como as que se v m for adas a permanecer no pa s.N o foi, portanto, uma leitura f cil, mas foi uma leitura que valeu a pena.