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A decent and brief overview of Aristotle s life and thoughts I would have appreciated ifeffort was taken to put his work into the historical context of scientific developments before and after his time so as to better understand his influence and innovation It was interesting to read about some of the ways see quote below in which he made bad conclusions, and the impact this had on scientific progression This got me to reflect on the idea of public intellectuals making claims beyond their area of expertise, and the trouble this can lead to So far, the spheres , then, were a mere kinematical hypothesis What Aristotle did, and it is perhaps the most retrograde step ever taken in the history of a science, was to convert the mathematical hypothesis into physical fact The spheres become with him real bodies, and as none of the bodies we are familiar with exhibit any tendency to rotate in circles when left to themselves, Aristotle was forced to introduce into Physics the disastrous theory, which it was a great part of Galileo s life work to destroy, that the stuff of which the spheres are made is a fifth body, different from the elements of which the bodies among which we live are made. Old books are the best books. I read this book alongside assigned readings for Peter Maxwell s Loyola University Chicago s course, The History of Ancient Philosophy , and after reading several texts attributed to Aristotle himself As an introductory work to accompany the initial reading of Aristotle, this book is to be recommended as providing an accessible, broad overview of the entire corpus. A revised edition of Taylor s 1919 publication, this is an excellent, concise, readable 111 pages overview of Aristotle s thought which should greatly help the non specialist Taylor breaks Aristotle down into scientific method, first philosophy, physics and practical philosophy which includes not just ethics, but a theory of the state There is also an introductory chapter on Aristotle s life and worksI liked how Taylor showed Aristotle s debt to his teacher and mentor Plato regarding nous , or intuition, Taylor remarks Aristotle holds that the knowledge of the principles of science is not itself science demonstrated knowledge but what he calls intelligence and we may call intellectual intuition Thus his doctrine is distinguished from empiricism the doctrine that universal principles are proved by particular facts Aristotle does littlethan repeat the Platonic view of the nature of science Science consists of deduction from universal principles which sensible experience suggest, but into which as they are apprehended by purely intellectual inspection, no sense data enters as constituents The only difference between Plato and his scholar lies in the clearness of intellectual vision which Plato shows when he expressly maintains in plain words that the universals of exact science are not in our sense perceptions and therefore to be extracted from them by a process of abstraction, but apart from or over them and form an ideal system of interconnected concepts which the experiences of sense merely imitate or make approximations to. This seems to me a good enough starting point into Aristotle s thought as any With an especially clear style, Taylor takes us through writings on metaphysics, epistemology, physics, and ethics He breaks down each section with a short exposition of an idea and often relates it back to Plato and predecessors He also sometimes injects his own opinions, often critical of Aristotle, either pointing a missing ingredient, an overstatement, or simply a choice of premises which end up being wrong Taylor is most critical of A Physics which he said have blinded so his successors that it took a thousand year to recover the right path, already established in Plato time, of the move ability of the earth The most interesting sections were the ones on theory of knowledge and first philosophy, which are well worth studying closely I have order his magnum opus on Plato which I think it is best to read and understand first before entering aserious study of Aristotle s thinking. Interesting biography, made me question many of my assumptions about the great philosopher scientist Will have to study the subjectin the future. Taylor was an early 20th c Platonist with a couple weird takes on Plato he believed that no development took place in the ideas of this great thinker during his half century of writing and he believed Plato never put an idea in his character Socrates mouth that didn t belong to the historical Socrates It s hard to imagine how anyone familiar with the Platonic corpus and its context could hold these views So Taylor was an intelligent, well educated guy with weird judgment In this book we find in numerous places that Taylor had something a lot like contempt for Aristotle Let s assume his weird views on Plato were considered plausible a century ago why would he be asked to write a brief introduction to the thought of someone he disliked so much But he was and he did And if you re unfamiliar with Aristotle, this little book might seem like a serviceable survey of his thought The bullet points are there formal logic, the four causes, etc But it s written by someone with no real appreciation for Aristotle s thought, who apparently never gave it careful consideration Consequently it provides a simplistically inaccurate and overly negative picture of that thought It s true that Aristotle sometimes seems pedestrian or conservative in an unreflective way But right when you re starting to wonder where his reputation comes from, he bowls you over with something you really have to chew on For years At least that s been my experience Why not get an introduction from someone who s done that rather than burning the book after passing the exam Adler s Aristotle for Everyone is a decent, short introduction by someone who took Aristotle seriously Lear s Aristotle The Desire to Understand is superb, but requirestime and effort which are well worth it Surely there are others It s a mystery why this book is still in print. Brief but great book about Aristotle (FREE PDF) Á Aristotle ⚢ Unabridged Reprinting Of The Revised Edition Published InIt S Been Completely Reset Contains A New Index Especially Compiled For This Edition By Geoffrey Mott Smith In This Brilliantly Written Popular Account, The Foremost Platonist Examines Aristotle S Theories, Historical Background, Influence Present Day Application Dr Taylor Covers The Greek Philosopher S Thoughts On Classification Of The Sciences Scientific Method Formal Logic Induction Theory Of Knowledge The Four Causes Motion Its Eternity God Terrestrial Bodies MuchLife WorksThe Classification Of The Sciences Scientific MethodFirst Philosophy Physics Practical PhilosophyIndex